Letâ€™s begin with a little science, courtesy of Dr. Thierry Vrain, research biologist:
â€œWhen we started with genetic engiÂneerÂing in the 1980s, the sciÂence was based on the theÂory that one gene proÂduces one proÂtein. But we now know, since the human genome project, that a gene can creÂate more than one proÂtein. The inserÂtion of genes in the genome through genetic engiÂneerÂing interÂrupts the codÂing sequence of the DNA, creÂatÂing trunÂcated, rogue proÂteins, which can cause uninÂtended effects. Itâ€™s an invaÂsive technology.â€
Why is this important? Itâ€™s important because these days many common foods are â€œgenetically engineeredâ€ to increase crop yield and to become more resistant to insecticides, both laudable goals. But many people, including Vrain, now believe that the â€œrogue proteinsâ€ being used are potentially unhealthy and even dangerous to anyone who eats those foods.
Thierry Vrain knows what he\'s talking about: Heâ€™s a former genetic engineer himself, with a doctoral degree in plant physiology. He worked for 30 years as a research scientist for the Canadian government, genetically engineering small fruits and potatoes, and directed the biotechnology department at British Columbiaâ€™s Pacific Agri-Food Research Centre. The Vrain of the past was the kind of scientist the Vrain of the present is arguing against.
When Vrain retired to a small farm, he started to read about gardening and agriculture from a broader perspective. He also began to learn as much as he could about organic farming. And he read up on the most recent published studies that questioned the impact and safety of engineered food. Vrain decided that genetically modified organismsâ€”GMOsâ€”were not the boons they were made out to be; they were not â€œas safe as water,â€ as theyâ€™d been advertised. His conclusion: â€œI refute the claims of the biotechnology companies that their engineered crops yield more, that they require less pesticide applications, that they have no impact on the environment, and of course that they are safe to eat.â€ He began to give talks informing people about the negative research. Because of his credentials and his experience, he\'s highly credible.
Vrainâ€™s conversion is not without risk, of course: Heâ€™s going up against huge multinational corporations. As he says, â€œIf you are a sciÂenÂtist and disÂcover things that are of conÂcern, then you are accused of doing â€˜pseuÂdoÂscienceâ€™ and often viciously attacked by the indusÂtry and acaÂdÂeÂmics on the payÂroll.â€ Vrain says that many scientists who still support GMOs are in the employ of biotech companies or of academic institutions supported by those companies; they aren\'t likely to rock the boat.
Today Vrain is presenting what he knows about GMOs all across Canada, the U.S., and throughout the world. When he\'s not giving a talk somewhere far afield, he\'s home on his British Columbia farm. It\'s not only a working farm, it\'s also an educational center offering workshops and community programs on organic gardening, permaculture, and nutrition.
On the road and on the farm, Thierry Vrain is definitely on a mission, spreading the word against the products and philosophy that he promoted for decades.
â€œItâ€™s my retirement project,â€ he says. â€œI say Iâ€™m atoning for my sins.â€
Keep track of his work at http://www.innisfreefarm.ca/